Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 9 and BMP10 enhance tumor necrosis factor-α-induced monocyte recruitment to the vascular endothelium mainly via activin receptor-like kinase 2

Claudia-Gabriela Mitrofan, Appleby, GB Nash, Ziad Mallat, Edwin Chilvers, Paul Upton & Nicholas Morrell
Bone morphogenetic proteins 9 and 10 (BMP9/BMP10) are circulating cytokines with important roles in endothelial homeostasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of BMP9 and BMP10 in mediating monocyte-endothelial interactions using an in vitro flow adhesion assay. Herein, we report that while BMP9/BMP10 alone had no effect on monocyte recruitment, at higher concentrations both cytokines synergised with Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα) to increase recruitment to the vascular endothelium. The BMP9/BMP10-mediated increase...
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