Implementation, Verification and Validation of the Multi-Surface Failure Envelope for Ice in Explicit FEA (LS-DYNA) with Full Derivation of it’s Invariant Form

Jungyong Wang & Ahmed Derradji-Aouat
The multi-surface failure criterion/model for ice is implemented into an explicit finite element program called LS-DYNA ( The implementation of the model equations was achieved via the development of a user routine for LS-DYNA. Since ice behavior depends on temperature, strain/load rate and loading direction (loading direction for the case of anisotropic ice), the traditional isotropic and temperature and rate independent failure criterion such as von-Mises and Mohr-Coulomb are not applicable. The multi-surface failure criterion...
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